100,000 Canadians List some ways in which Currie makes VR a battle … Their advance had been covered by a creeping artillery barrage, which was now raining down on them even though they had overrun the German forces. From the time he signed on in September 1914, until the war ended on Nov. 11, 1918, Francis fought. Add to Watchlist. His condition was apparently bad enough that his doctors considered amputating the leg, however that never came to happen. Francis Pegahmagabow (1891-1952) was born on March 9, 1891, an Ojibwa of the Wasauksing First Nation of Parry Island, Ontario. Posted by 2 years ago. On the 11th, the armistice was declared, and Francis was diagnosed with “exhaustion psychosis.” Finally, in April of 1919, Francis was released from a Canadian military hospital to return to civilian life at last. Close. He was one of the most decorated Indigenous soldiers for Canada during the First World War. A general give Francis a cigarette, and asked if he could do anything to help them survive. He served his community as both chief and councillor … CWM/19750021-015 While the jamming rifle shook the infantry’s confidence, snipers loved it. And one of 4000 First Nations who fought as Canadian Soldiers during the war. 27 Soldiers who had been awarded the MM and later performed similarly heroic acts could receive bars to it, denoting further awards. Did Francis Pegahmagabow really perform 378 confirmed kills as a sniper during WW1? This medal was given out to those who had shown exemplary service and bravery, with only 38 other Canadians achieving such a high prestige. In addition to his unparalleled willingness to face danger, he proved himself to be expertly skilled with a rifle, and especially with one as reviled as the Ross Rifle. Soldier of World War I. His efforts and success earned him the following commendation for his work: “At Passchendaele Nov. 6th/7th, 1917, this NCO did excellent work. scouting missions into no man’s land that he performed. by himself to collect information on the enemy. Francis Pegahmagabow was a feared sniper in World War I - credited with 378 kills. His second bar came from his incredible bravery in the Battle of the Scarpe and his deliverance of ammunition from No Man’s Land, proving once again his fearlessness in the face of death [2.] His comrades would also occasionally ask him to perform rituals to try and gain assistance from the gods. This counterattack would be another one of Francis’s defining moments, as shown in his commanding officers commendation: “During the operations on August 30th, 1918, at Orix Trench, near Upton Wood, when his company were almost out of ammunition and in danger of being surrounded, this NCO went over the top under heavy MG and rifle fire and brought back sufficient ammunition to enable the post to carry on and assist in repulsing heavy enemy counter attacks.” [5.]. Cheers, 05:26, Feb 9, 2005 (UTC) Okay, if that's what you want to do. During the First World War, Francis was awarded the Military Medal and earned two bars. He left a great reputation as an excellent sniper and honourable First Nations soldier. During combat, he would often chew a dead twig, believing it would provide protection in times of danger. A comrade of his had this to Francis is, … He participated in the Battle of the Somme and was wounded in the leg. In one instance, when rain and mud were halting an advance, a fellow officer gave Francis some tobacco, used by the Ojibwa for ritualistic proposes, and asked if he could do anything to improve the conditions. Francis Pegahmagabow died August 5 th, 1952 and was buried on the. With these artifacts and the books and webpages dedicated to Francis, he shall live on in memory and avoid the fate of being forgotten. These A married father of six children, Francis Pegahmagabow died on the Parry Island reserve in 1952 at the age of 61. The gun proved deadly accurate in the hands of sharpshooters Henry Louis Norwest, a Metis from Fort Saskatchewan, Alta., and Francis Pegahmagabow, an Ontario Ojibwa. Francis Pegahmagabow . His ability to coordinate his front line and guide lost reinforcements proved to his superior officers that he was worthy of the award. He was taught traditional healing customs by his foster mother, as well as hunting and fishing. His complaints concern the same subjects, but the details of the events are contradictory. In fact, of the Here, they would assist in the Battle of Passchendaele, a slow crawl towards a heavily defended German position that had been going on for months. The most highly decorated Indigenous soldier in the First World War was Francis Pegahmagabow. On top of that, he had received a multitude of awards, making him one of the most decorated Canadian soldiers of the war [4.] In September of 1916, Francis was hospitalized for a bullet to the left leg, and sent back to England to heal. He first earned the award for his actions on the Ypres salient in the first year of the war, being one of the first Canadians to receive the medal. Before and after the attack he kept in touch with the flanks, advising the units he had seen, this information proving the success of the attack and saving valuable time in consolidating. This would mark the first time in history that the Germans used chlorine gas as a weapon in the war, and it resulted in half of the 1st Infantry being wiped out in just 3 days. • He was the most effective sniper of WW1. Being that he was a native, he was exempt from the Canadian military draft at the start of the war, but enlisted immediately anyways. In all his work he has consistently shown a disregard for danger and his faithfulness to duty is highly commendable.” [5. Francis Pegahmagabow is a native Canadian who was born in 1889 on the Shawanaga First Nation reserve, north of Parry Sound. Francis Pegahmagabow was an Ojibwa from Ontario. Awarded Military Medal (MM) plus two bars for bravery in Belgium and France. Presence of mind came to me. He wanted to go to war as a way to make his mark as a warrior, much like his ancestors [5.] He had racked up an unparalleled 378 kills and 300 captures, making him one of, if not the most effective sniper of the war. Over his extensive military career throughout the entirety of World War 1, Francis had quite the impressive service record. Archived. His comrades took notice to his customs and rituals, and some followed his leads, believing they too would be protected [1.] Francis Pegahmagabow • Francis was the first nations solider. In December of 1917, Francis fell violently ill with pneumonia, and was again sent back to England, where he spent several months recovering. its occupants for the fun of it.” [1.] This is contrary to all the historical references I've seen, online and off. I've re-edited the opening line to reflect the historical reality -- which AFAIK needs no qualification. - Francis Pegahmagabow, First World War veteran . He carried messages with great bravery and success during the whole of the actions at Ypres, Festubert and Givenchy. Deathphoenix edited prior copy to suggest Francis Pegahmagabow was not the single most effective sniper of WWI. artillery and mortar activity, machine gun and sniper emplacements, movements, The battalion captured a total of 16 machine guns, 2 anti-tank guns, 2 mortars, and 5,000 prisoners. On September 12th, 1918, Francis was sent to a field hospital to have his mental state assessed, after numerous altercations with superior officers, including holding a medical officer at gunpoint, believing the officer was a German spy. At 9:20 a.m., the 1st Battalion reported their objectives had been obtained, before being counter attacked a couple hours later [2.] elite few would gather information along the entire front line, including He is the most decorated Indigenous soldier in Canadian military history and holds the record of Canada’s top marksmen with 378 kills. Wasauksing First Nation, close to where he was born. Most recently honoured by the Canadian Forces by naming the 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group HQ Building at CFB Borden after him. Shortly before arrival, Francis was promoted to corporal, and used his rank to take charge of the situation, relaying messages to different units and guiding lost reinforcements to their designated position on the line [2.] [3. In addition to his Military Medal, Francis received a few other medals for his lengthy service. Moments later, the rain slowed and the sky brightened, gaining Francis somewhat of a following. He was orphaned at any early age and brought up by his First Nations community. After the battle was over, Francis was promoted to Lance Corporal. Corporal Francis “Peggy” Pegahmagabow grew up on the Parry Island Reserve, near Parry Sound, Ontario. Francis Pegahmagabow was not only the most successful sniper of World War 1, but he is also among the most decorated aboriginal soldiers in history. (BLUE) (primary source) Apr 1, 1915. Francis “Peggy” Pegahmagabow, Anishnaabe (Ojibwa) chief, Indigenous rights advocate, war hero (born on 9 March 1891 on the Parry Island reserve, ON; died 5 August 1952 at Parry Island, ON). Previous All Episodes (50) Next Add a Plot » Director: Rachid Bouchareb. Sniper Francis Pegahmagabow. • After WW1 he volunteered for services with the Canadian Expeditionary Force. as a sniper, becoming a one of the 28 Battalion Snipers in his battalion. Pegahmagabow was one of 39 members … Served for nearly the entire war until he was wounded in 1919 and … 5. A man with a service record as exemplary as Francis’s deserves to be recognized and remembered for his actions. For this, for his scouting, and for his extraordinary bravery under rifle and machine-gun fire, he was the most decorated First Nations soldier in the First World War. After a full day of fighting and advancing, the Allies came to rest and dug in 600 yards from the German line. Hid contributions to the Battle of Passchendaele and the Scarpe were crucial to the Allies abilities to win those fights. Documentary, History | Episode aired 23 January 2015 Season 1 | Episode 33. In the 48 hours of battle, 6 035 … Lighting the cigarette, Francis invoked the spirits of the wind, asking the wind spirits of the east to prevent the gas from advancing, and asked the western spirits to redirect the gas. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow did not participate in the March to the Rhine and the Allied Occupation of Germany. He became one of the original members of the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion and fought at the 2nd battle of Ypres in April 1915 and the battle of the Somme in the fall of 1916. An Ojibwa from the Parry Island Band in Ontario, he was an expert scout, sniper and marksman. Although … On June 21, 2016, a bronze statue was erected in his honor, with a Ross Rifle over his shoulder, an eagle on one arm as a call to his spirit animal, and a caribou at his feet to signify the Caribou Clan he was a part of. As a sniper in WW I, Francis Pegahmagabow was deadly accurate, and although difficult to substantiate, was credited with 378 kills. Once his battalion had successfully captured the German line, they found themselves under heavy friendly artillery fire. Francis Pegahmagabow fought throughout the entirety of World War 1, and proved time and time again his bravery and skill on the battlefield. On April 22nd, the Germans would unleash nearly 6,000 canisters of chlorine gas onto the field, where a light wind would carry it to the allied trenches. It should have been fired when we reach our objective anyway…The moment I shot the flare, field guns cease fire.” [1. Francis is examined again a week later. Writers: Pascal Blanchard (co-writer), Rachid Bouchareb (co-writer) Star: Sonia Rolland. View production, box office, & company info What to Watch in December. He was the most highly decorated First Nations soldier in Canadian military history and the most effective sniper of WWI, credited with killing 378 enemy soldiers and capturing 300 more. He served his community as … Student projects from Michigan Tech's SS3505 Military History of the United States, on the people, places, and objects involving our military history in the upper Great Lakes region, Francis Pegahmagabow is a native Canadian who was born in 1889 on the Shawanaga First Nation reserve, north of Parry Sound. For instance, the event at the well now has the Medical Officer, and others, accusing Francis of being the spy. Francis Pegahmagabow (1889–1952), a member of the Ojibwe nation, was born in Shawanaga, Ontario. In February of 1915, after completing their training, the 1st Battalion was sent to St. Nazaire, where they would hold the line at Armentieres [2. Soldiers who had been awarded the Military Medal and later performed similar heroic acts could receive bars to it, denoting further awards. In November, he would be sent back to England for a third time, where he would be moved from hospital to hospital as doctors tried to figure out what was wrong with him. Francis Pegahmagabow was a marksman, who fought for the allied forces, as a sniper, against the Germans in the World War I. Unfortunately, by this point in the war, Francis had taken a heavy mental and physical toll. He is a member of the Indian Hall of Fame at the Woodland Centre in Brantford, Ontario, Canada, and his memory is also commemorated on a plaque honouring him and his regiment on the Rotary and Algonquin Regiment Fitness Trail in Parry Sound. Francis Pegahmagabow, an Ojibwa soldier, becomes the most successful sniper in all of WWI. Remarkably, the winds changed, and the gas blew back towards the German trenches. He was one of the most decorated Indigenous soldiers for Canada during the First World War. Francis Pegahmagabow is perhaps the best known Indigenous (Anishnaabe) soldier of the First World War. Enlisting at the onset of the First World War, he became the most decorated Canadian Indigenous soldier for bravery and the most accomplished sniper in North American military history. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow, MM Memorial Cairn Borden Simcoe County Ontario, Canada. He was credited with 378 sniper kills, which is more than anyone else from any. A mod said it would be okay to … The following day, the 1st Battalion would assist in capturing the villages of Beaufort and Folies. He also guided the relief to its proper place after it had become mixed up.” [5.] fellow soldiers due to his sharpshooting skills and his bravery for the Francis Pegahmagabow was a Canadian indigenous man who fought in WWI. From the first time they met, Hill was sure Francis would be an excellent soldier. ], Francis was a firm believer in the native customs of his tribe. Military History of the Upper Great Lakes, Pegahmagabow: legendary warrior, forgotten hero, Sounding thunder: the stories of Francis Pegahmagabow. Francis Pegahmagabow ('Peggy') - Ojibwe (Parry Island, ON) - Most highly decorated Native Canadian in the First World War. Francis Pegahmagabow experienced poverty and racism on return to Canada By Reg Sherren, CBC News Posted: Aug 01, 2014 4:39 PM E He was the most decorated First Nations soldier in the history of the Canadian military, but very few people have ever heard of Francis Pegahmagabow. He preferred He is Francis Pegahmagabow, and this isn’t just about his military career because he is so much more than that and the history of the First Nations in the 20 th century in Canada is directly tied with him. Francis Pegahmagabow (1889–1952), a member of the Ojibwe nation, was born in Shawanaga, Ontario. His first overseas deployment was with the ‘1st Canadian Infantry Battalion,’ which was the first Canadian contingent sent to fight in Europe. looking for it [danger]. In 2019, a Swedish metal band named Sabaton released an album centered around World War 1 titled The Great War, which features a song about Francis named A Ghost in the Trenches. country in the First … 3194497. Take a second to support CraigBaird on Patreon! Cpl. MIKAN No. A 25 year old anishnaabe from wasauksing nation on Georgian bay Ontario. The 1st Battalion was held in reserve, while the other 3 made the assault. This operation yielded a front line advance of 8 miles, and a large capture haul. On the 30th, they attacked at 4:20 a.m., advancing through heavy machine gun fire. The one that best known is that the professional army of Philip was just too well disciplined, led, and equipped for most armies to stand against. Millions of eyes saw it. ], As The most prolific sniper was Francis "Peggy" Pegahmagabow, an Ojibwa from the Wasauksing First Nation. Enlisting at the onset of the First World War, he became the most decorated Canadian Indigenous soldier for bravery and the most accomplished sniper in North American military history. more often than not opt to work alone on scouting missions, going out at night He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, a medal given to those who took part in the opening of the war; the British War Medal, which was given to those who completed 28 days of mobilized service; and the Victory Medal, which was given to those who had earned the 1914 or 1914-15 Star and British War Medal [6.]. Upon his enlistment, he was assigned to the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion, commanded by Frederic William Hill. to work alone, in the dark, even infiltrating an enemy trench to stand among He killed 378 enemies with his Ross rifle and captured another 300, making him one of the most successful marksmen in WWI. He had the highest number of "kills," 378, among the Allied soldiers, and he also took more than 300 Germans prisoner. Francis Pegahmagabow, pictured in an undated photo, was credited with 378 kills during his four years on the front lines of Europe during the First World War. Then, his valiant actions in the Battle of Passchendaele earned him his first bar on his medal. ... Do we know what he did during that visit to garner that kind of response. Francis obliged, and invoked the sky spirits for pity. The other reason was that the Greeks literally killed off all of their best warriors by fighting each other to a degree not seen before the Persian invasions. ], In April of 1915, The 1st Battalion would relocate to the Ypres Salient to take part in the Second Battle of Ypres. What did he do in the war? He was also awarded a 1914–15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. We are all hoping Francis will distinguish himself as his forefathers did and will return home covered with glory and medals. He witnessed soldiers foaming at the mouth and gasping for air through soaked and muddy handkerchiefs. What distinction did he earn? The Best Sniper Of World War 1 – Francis Pegahmagabow. He is the most decorated First Nations soldier in Canadian military history and the most effective sniper of the First World War. This portrait of him by artist Irma Coucill was commissioned for the Indian Hall of Fame collection, housed in the museum of … Francis Pegahmagabow was born on Parry Island on March 9, 1891, and died there on Aug. 5, 1952. He enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier, Quebec, on September 15, 1914. Francis Pegahmagabow was born on Parry Island on March 9, 1891 and died there on Aug. 5, 1952. Did Francis Pegahmagabow really perform 378 confirmed kills as a sniper during WW1? say about Francis: “…Pegahmagabow went 22 days later, the 1st through 3rd battalions would take part in The Battle of the Scarpe [1. ], In November of 1917, the 1st Battalion would return to the Ypres salient after having moved around to assist in various assaults and defenses, of which there was no particularly notable action on Francis’s behalf, other than his now usual scouting and sniping duties. Francis Pegahmagabow -2 Francis Pegahmagabow was an Ojibwa from the Parry Island Band in Ontario and one of 4 000 Aboriginals who served in the war. [2.] It now stands in Parry Sound [7.] 26 An Ojibwa from the Parry Island Band in Ontario, he was awarded the Military Medal (MM) plus two bars for bravery in Belgium and France. He had ended the first world war as one of only 37 Canadian soldiers who had a military medal with two bars, and was the most highly decorated Aboriginal soldier in Canadian history. I had a flare pistol with me. He was assigned the job of messenger. Liked it? I shot a white flare. Sniper specialist with iron nerves, patience and superb marksmanship. He also began to perfect his ability Francis Pegahmagabow of the Parry Island Band in Ontario was decorated three times for the marksmanship and scouting skills he displayed in Belgium and France.Known as 'Peggy' to other members of his battalion, he survived the war and later became chief of his band. and overall defensive capabilities [2. ], On August 8th, 1918, the 1st through 4th Canadian Battalions would take part in the Amiens offensive. As his parents had passed while he was at an early age, Pegahmagabow was raised by the First Nation community according to the traditions of the Anishnaabe (Ojibwa). 3 military medals, making him the most decorated indigenous soldier How many Canadians fought together at Vimy Ridge? https://traffic.libsyn.com/secure/canadahehx/Francis_P.m4a. the war raged on, Francis started becoming more and more well known among his All rights reserved. In fact, Francis would Another similar instance occurred during a mustard gas attack, where death seemed imminent. This is a repost from a question I asked over the New Year that went unanswered. After the war, Pegahmagabow settled in Wasauksing, Ontario. The following morning, a counterattack was planned, and the Canadian 1st and 4th Battalions would attack alongside 8 British divisions. After the war, Pegahmagabow settled in Wasauksing, Ontario. Caleb Loewen Who was Francis Pegahmagabow? The air wars caused many scary, unnecessary deaths which did not help society. His most impressive award was his Military Medal, which he had 2 bars on. In regards to his performance in this battle and the battles that would follow, he received a commendation from a commanding officer that reads “For continuous service as a messenger from February 14th 1915 to February 1916. He … My comrades going up in pieces, shell after shell…At daylight cannonade was still going strong. He wanted to go to war as a way to make his mark as a warrior, much like his ancestors [5.] In 1934, Francis recalled this about the situation: “At our objective we suffered very heavy from our own gunfire, I done all I could do to stop it by reporting to our C.O., Sparling, and the artillery observers. Pegahmagabow was one of 39 members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force who received two bars in addition to the Military M… Francis Pegahmagabow was one of the most highly decorated Indigenous soldiers of the First World War. Cpl. ], The Battle of the Scarpe opened on August 26th, with the designated Canadian battalions joining 4 days later. Added to Watchlist. An Ojibwa from the Perry Island Band in Ontario, he was awarded the Military Medal plus two bars for acts of bravery in Belgium and France. Francis’s enlistment also caught the attention of William Ireland, the editor of the Parry Sound North Star newspaper, who said this about his enlistment: “His grandfather was a warrior and chief and fought for the British in 1812, so the bot comes by his fighting instincts from a long line of ancestors who fought in the Indian wars. Being that he was a native, he was exempt from the Canadian military draft at the start of the war, but enlisted immediately anyways. His example might well be followed.” In September of 1914, his battalion was sent overseas to be trained in England, where Francis would become known as “Peggy” among his comrades. Time they met, Hill was sure Francis would be an excellent soldier his forefathers did and will return covered... After WW1 he volunteered for services with the designated Canadian Battalions joining 4 days later, 1st! Honoured by the Canadian Expeditionary Force the other 3 made the assault Indigenous soldier many... 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