Kyiv, also spelled Kiev, Kyyiv, Russian Kiyev, chief city and capital of Ukraine. Historically located on the western right bank of the river, the city expanded into the left bank only in the 20th century. [151][152][153][154] Indeed, real estate is one of the major forces in Kyiv's economy. Its armament-dependent industrial output fell after the Soviet collapse, adversely affecting science and technology, but new sectors of the economy such as services and finance facilitated Kyiv's growth in salaries and investment, as well as providing continuous funding for the development of housing and urban infrastructure. [citation needed], The centre of Kyiv (Independence Square and Khreschatyk Street) becomes a large outdoor party place at night during summer months, with thousands of people having a good time in nearby restaurants, clubs and outdoor cafes. Country Details Ukraine gained its independence in 1991, with the break up of the former Soviet Union. [27][28][25][29][30][31], The city was known by various names in history. [91] In the Russian Empire, Kyiv was a primary Christian centre, attracting pilgrims, and the cradle of many of the empire's most important religious figures, but until the nineteenth century the city's commercial importance remained marginal. The name descends from Old East Slavic Kyjevŭ (Kыѥвъ). Public transport is represented in Kiev in all possible forms. Having survived the Mongol Empire, WWII, Chernobyl, and Soviet rule, Kyiv is the proud capital of the Ukraine. Kyiv represents the focal point of Ukraine's "national roads" system, thus linked by road to all cities of the country. On 1 January 2010 there were around 238,000 business entities registered in Kyiv.[144]. [104][105] Snow cover usually lies from mid-November to the end of March, with the frost-free period lasting 180 days on average, but surpassing 200 days in some years.[71]. Most Ukrainian national teams play their home international matches in Kyiv. 1 : 2217600 Letts, Son & Co. Boheme, Silesie, Moravie et Lusace. It may take a little bit to load. As a result, Kyiv's central districts provide a dotted contrast of new, modern buildings among the pale yellows, blues and greys of older apartments. Most of those captured never returned alive. Kiev Ukraine - Top 5 Tips. Kyiv hosts many universities, the major ones being Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University,[163] the National Technical University "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute",[164] Kyiv-Mohyla Academy[165] and the Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics. Later, Oleg of Novgorod won control of Kiev, thus founding the state of Russia. [37] In the medieval Latin of Thietmar of Merseburg's Chronicon it was mentioned for the year 1015 as Cuieva. Kyiv changed hands sixteen times from the end of 1918 to August 1920. From 1 December 2008 stadium the stadium underwent a full-scale reconstruction in order to satisfy standards put in place by UEFA for hosting the Euro 2012 football tournament; the opening ceremony took place in the presence of president Viktor Yanukovich on 8 October 2011,[138] with the first major event being a Shakira concert which was specially planned to coincide with the stadium's re-opening during Euro 2012. At its greatest extent, in the mid-1… Scholars continue to debate in which period the city was founded: some date the founding to the late ninth century,[70] other historians have preferred a date of 482 AD. Within the city the Dnieper River forms a branching system of tributaries, isles, and harbors within the city limits. Studies and Research Perspectives; Antonella Salomoni", Kyiv found among greenest cities in Europe, "Kiev zoo a 'concentration camp for animals, "Kyiv opens host stadium for Euro 2012 final", "Головне управління статистики м.Києва – Туристичні потоки", https://www.unian.info/kyiv/10240080-number-of-foreign-tourists-in-kyiv-growing-city-official.html, The Kyiv council approved the Kyiv city anthem (Київрада затвердила гімн Києва), "Thujoy Khreshchatyk". Of these three, Dynamo Kyiv has had the most success over the course of its history. For other uses, see, City with special status in Kyiv City Municipality, Ukraine, Capitals of European states and territories, Legal status, local government and politics, Public-facing government websites of major English-speaking states use. Here one will find table after table of individuals hawking everything imaginable: vegetables, fresh and smoked meats, fish, cheese, honey, dairy products such as milk and home-made smetana (sour cream), caviar, cut flowers, housewares, tools and hardware, and clothing. Kyiv prospered when it became the third most important city of the Empire and the major centre of commerce of the Russian empire's southwest. ), кїєво or кїєвом (ins. [155] Kyiv also ranks high in terms of commercial real estate for it is here where the country's tallest office buildings (such as Gulliver and Parus) and some of Ukraine's biggest shopping malls (such as Dream Town and Ocean Plaza) are located. 680 nursery schools and kindergartens in Kyiv. [145][146] Following the global financial crisis that began in 2007, Kyiv's economy suffered a severe setback in 2009 with gross regional product contracting by 13.5% in real terms. Before Bogolyubsky's pillaging, Kyiv had had a reputation as one of the largest cities in the world, with a population exceeding 100,000 in the beginning of the twelfth century.[85]. However, the city's unique landscape distinguishes it from the surrounding region. The place name Kyiv is standardized in the authoritative database of Ukraine's toponyms maintained by Ukraine's mapping agency Derzhheokadastr. Construction is underway for turning the large Darnytsia railway station on the left-bank part of Kyiv into a long-distance passenger hub, which may ease traffic at the central station. According to the 2001 census data, more than 130 nationalities and ethnic groups reside within the territory of Kyiv. Other historians suggest that Magyar tribes ruled the city between 840 and 878, before migrating with some Khazar tribes to the Carpathian Basin. For example, up until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the club won 13 USSR Championships, 9 USSR Cups, and 3 USSR Super Cups, thus making Dynamo the most successful club in the history of the Soviet Top League.[137]. [122] A series of pogroms was carried out in 1882, and another in 1905. European routes , and intersect in Kyiv. Kyiv retained through centuries its cultural importance and even at times of relative decay, it remained the centre of primary importance of Eastern Orthodox Christianity . [139] Before the 2008–09 recession the average annual growth in the number of foreign visits in Kyiv was 23% over a three-year period. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. After Rurik died, his successor Prince Oleg of Novgorod (or Oleg the Prophet) captured the city of Kiev in 882 and moved the capital from Novgorod to Kiev. [69] During the early Iron Age certain tribes settled around Kyiv that practiced land cultivation and animal husbandry, and traded with the Scythians and with ancient states of the northern Black Sea coast. With an area of 603,628 sq. Ukraine is the largest country that is entirely within Europe. Budivelnyk was founded in 1945, Sokil was founded in 1963, during the existence of the Soviet Union. Find out how the crisis in Ukraine has spread since November 2013, from anti-government protests in Kiev to a pro-Russian insurgency in Crimea and eastern regions. On one of the oldest English maps of the region, Russiae, Moscoviae et Tartariae published by Ortelius (London, 1570) the name of the city is spelled Kiou. The country sits on the southwestern part of the Russian Plain and has a largely low terrain. During the Russian industrial revolution in the late nineteenth century, Kyiv became an important trade and transportation centre of the Russian Empire, specialising in sugar and grain export by railway and on the Dnieper river. Ukrainians constitute the largest ethnic group in Kyiv, and they account for 2,110,800 people, or 82.2% of the population. [96] Shortly after the Wehrmacht occupied the city, a team of NKVD officers who had remained hidden dynamited most of the buildings along Kyiv's Main Street, the Khreshchatyk, which had been occupied by German military and civil authorities; the buildings burned for days and 25,000 were left homeless. Hrushevskoho Street is named after the Ukrainian academician, politician, historian, and statesman Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, who wrote an academic book titled: "Bar Starostvo: Historical Notes: XV-XVIII" about the history of Bar, Ukraine. This is equivalent to 759 kilometers or 410 nautical miles.. Use our travel planning tools to get the distance, driving directions, mileage and road journey times for a trip. Calculate the distance from Kiev Russia to Magadan Russia. The whole portion of Kyiv on the left bank of the Dnieper is generally referred to as Left bank (Ukrainian: Лівий берег, Livyi bereh). Both these teams play their home games at the Kyiv Palace of Sports. In 1892 the world's third electric tram line, and first in the Russian Empire, started running in Kyiv. Some 1,069,700 people had higher or completed secondary education, a significant increase of 21.7% since 1989. Boating, fishing, and water sports are popular pastimes in Kyiv. The Tatars, who also claimed Kyiv, retaliated in 1324–1325, so while Kyiv was ruled by a Lithuanian prince, it had to pay tribute to the Golden Horde. In the book. [citation needed] However, enthusiasts among ethnic Ukrainian nobles, military and merchants made recurrent attempts to preserve native culture in Kyiv (by clandestine book-printing, amateur theatre, folk studies etc.). They occupy 7949 hectares. The most significant difference is that the city is considered as a region of Ukraine (see Regions of Ukraine). 0 star 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars 5 stars. City Maps. Major interwar events in Soviet Ukraine all affected Kyiv: the 1920s Ukrainization campaign and migration of the rural Ukrainophone population made the Russophone city Ukrainian-speaking and bolstered the development of Ukrainian cultural life; late-1920s industrialization turned the city, a former centre of commerce and religion, into a major industrial, technological, and scientific centre; the 1932–1933 Great Famine devastated the part of the migrant population not registered for ration cards; and Joseph Stalin's Great Purge of 1937–1938 almost eliminated the city's intelligentsia[93][94][95]. During the 1980 Summer Olympics held in the Soviet Union, Kyiv held the preliminary matches and the quarter-finals of the football tournament at its Olympic Stadium, which was reconstructed specially for the event. Dictionary.com Unabridged, There are up to 1.5 mln undercounted residents in Kiev, "City Mayors: The 500 largest European cities (1 to 100)", Виборчі комісії фіксують перемогу опозиційних кандидатів у Києві, Interactive parliamentary election 2012 result maps, Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview, Ukraine on its Meandering Path Between East and West, After the parliamentary elections in Ukraine: a tough victory for the Party of Regions, Communist and Post-Communist Parties in Europe, Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 – CEC, UDAR submits to Rada resolution on Ukraine’s integration with EU, Electronic Bulletin "Your Choice – 2012". Car map. They were … Earth / Ukraine / Kiev City Municipality / Kiev / Places in Kiev . A new combined rail-auto bridge is under construction, as a part of Darnytsia project. Urban sprawl has gradually reduced, while population densities of suburbs has increased. Kyiv emerged as the most pro-Western region of Ukraine; parties advocating tighter integration with the European Union dominate during elections.[18][19][20][21]. Kyiv had not recovered from Bogolyubsky's sack, when in 1240 Batu Khan's Mongol invasion of Rus' completed its destruction. (n.d.). Jun 4, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by William Sommerfield. [124][125] Jews began returning to Kyiv at the end of the war, but experienced another pogrom in September 1945. [68] The carriers of the Zarubintsy culture are considered the direct ancestors of the ancient Slavs who later established Kyiv. The modern nations of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraineall claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors, with Belarus and Russia deriving their names from it. Perhaps the earliest original manuscript to name the city is the Kyivan letter, written ca. According to the All-Ukrainian Census, the population of Kyiv in 2001 was 2,611,300. Other detailed maps of Kiev. [145] Although a record high, the decline in activity was 1.6 percentage points smaller than that for the country as a whole. Findings of Roman coins of the 2nd to the 4th centuries suggest trade relations with the eastern … : History, culture, folklore and ethnography of the Slavic peoples. Details. Search touristic places on Kiev map. The city probably existed as a commercial center as early as the 5th century. Some historians believe that it could be old Kyiv. Vikings founded Kievan Rus in the mid-9th century, but Scandanavian settlements in Eastern Europe actually date back to at least A.D. 750. Passengers/Day 1760000; Fares: 0.27 ; 24h operation: No; Air Conditioning: No; Walk between platforms: No; Driverless trains: No; Screen Doors Platforms: No; M-D H:4.45 -00.00; $4; Kiev Metro Official Website; Tlf: +380 044 238 5898; Help us. Kievan Rus' Kievan Rus' (Old East Slavic Рѹ́сь, Рѹ́сьскаѧ землѧ, Greek Ῥωσία, Latin Rus(s)ia, Ruscia, Ruzzia, Rut(h)enia, Old Norse Garðaríki) was a loose federation of East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of t… Show in map Show coordinates. 1 : 900000 Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles, 1688-1766 [Sarmatia] 1 : 6630000 1 Karte : Holzschnitt ; 8 x 14 cm Münster, Sebastian [Henricpetri] Internationale Weltkarte. Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasions in 1240, the city lost most of its influence for the centuries to come. Kyiv's theatres include, the Kyiv Opera House, Ivan Franko National Academic Drama Theater, Lesya Ukrainka National Academic Theater of Russian Drama, the Kyiv Puppet Theater, October Palace and National Philharmonic of Ukraine and others. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Kyiv, . Ukraine Mulls Turning Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Into a UNESCO Heritage Object Sputnik (EN) The Zone , Kiev , Earth , Power Plant , Vladimir . In 1934 Kyiv became the capital of Soviet Ukraine. The Ukrainian name is Ки́їв, written in the Ukrainian Cyrillic alphabet, and usually rendered in Latin letters (or romanized) as Kyiv. was asked, 52% said 'mostly Russian', 32% 'both Russian and Ukrainian in equal measure', 14% 'mostly Ukrainian', and 4.3% 'exclusively Ukrainian'. However, the peak of summer draws out a greater mass of people to the shores for swimming or sunbathing, with daytime high temperatures sometimes reaching 30 to 34 °C (86 to 93 °F). [146] The economy in Kyiv, as in the rest of Ukraine, recovered somewhat in 2010 and 2011. The National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War is located here, which offers both indoor and outdoor displays of military history and equipment surrounded by verdant hills overlooking the Dnieper river. The marvellous decorations on the kiev russia map in the kiev russia map was dirt cheap. As a prominent city with a long history, its English name was subject to gradual evolution. The etymology of Sambat has been argued by many historians including Grigoriy Ilyinsky, Nikolay Karamzin, Jan Potocki, Nikolay Lambin, Joachim Lelewel, Guðbrandur Vigfússon and many others. Kiev russia map Map of Kiev russia (Ukraine) List of airports in Ukraine Wikipedia. The Primary Chronicle dates Oleg's conquest of the town in 882, but some historians, such as Omeljan Pritsak and Constantine Zuckerman, dispute that arguing that Khazar rule continued as late as the 920s (among notable historical documents are the Kyivan letter and Schechter Letter). Ordinary tourists generally come from May to October, business tourists from September to May.[141]. Where is Kiev | Location of Kiev in Ukraine Map Map of Ukraine, Kiev (Kyiv) and Odessa maps. It is in north-central Ukraine along the Dnieper River. Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association). It is estimated that the Germans murdered more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians of various ethnic groups, at Babi Yar during World War II.[99]. The tram system consists of 139.9 km (86.9 mi) of track,[171] including 14 km (8.7 mi) two Rapid Tram lines, served by 21 routes with the use of 523 tram cars. The city prospered again during the Russian Empire's Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century. The names Kyi, Shchek and Khoryv of the Kyiv Chronicle may be non-Slavic, and historians have always struggled to account for their meanings and origins. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and Ukrainian independence in 1991, Kyiv remained Ukraine's capital and experienced a steady influx of ethnic Ukrainian migrants from other regions of the country. Admission is very cheap. Kiev Province. The exclave of Russia, Kaliningrad also borders the Baltic Sea as well as Lithuania and Poland. Noteworthy historical architectural landmarks also include the Mariyinsky Palace (designed and constructed from 1745 to 1752, then reconstructed in 1870), several Orthodox churches such as St. Michael's Cathedral, St. Andrew's, St. Vladimir's, the reconstructed Golden Gate and others. ... Russia in Europe Part V. 1 : 2100000 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain) Russia 5. ", "The Economist starts using Kyiv instead of Kiev", "U.S. government changes spelling of capital to Kyiv instead of Kiev - Oct. 20, 2006", "#KyivNotKiev: U.S. To Change International Database Spelling of Ukraine's Capital", "#KyivnotKiev: IATA changes spelling of Ukrainian capital", "Interinstitutional style guide – Annex A5 – List of countries, territories and currencies", "AP has changed its style for the capital of Ukraine to Kyiv, in line with the Ukrainian government's preferred transliteration to English and increasing usage. Originally on the west bank, today Kyiv is located on both sides of the Dnieper, which flows southwards through the city towards the Black Sea. Kyiv is a part of the larger Dnieper Upland adjoining the western bank of the Dnieper in its mid-flow, and which contributes to the city's elevation change. 4786x2869 / 10,6 Mb Go to Map. Kiev Area 1953 original scale 1:250,000 printed by the Army Map Service 1960 (968K) Thematic … Kiev Russia to Pyongyang Korea (North) 483.62 mi - 778.31 km: Kiev Russia to Seoul Korea (South) 501.15 mi - 806.52 km: Kiev Russia to Seoul South Korea 501.15 mi - 806.52 km: Kiev Russia to Tokyo Japan 585.35 mi - 942.03 km: Kiev Russia to Beijing China 900.19 mi - 1448.72 km The highest ever temperature recorded in the city was 39.4 °C (102.9 °F) on 30 July 1936. – Последние новости Киева – Однако в направлении окружной дороги уже вся земля выкуплена | СЕГОДНЯ", "Азаров прогнозирует начало строительства второй кольцевой дороги вокруг Киева в 2012 году | Новости Киева", Kyiv Administration: Roads Are In Poor Technical State Because They Have Reached End Of Their Service Lives And Annual Maintenance Volume Is Low, "Азаров запустил в Киеве городскую электричку | Экономика | РИА Новости – Украина", "Перелік міст, з якими Києвом підписані документи про поріднення, дружбу, співробітництво, партнерство", Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, Institutional seats of the European Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kyiv&oldid=993664576, Populated places established in the 5th century, Populated places on the Dnieper in Ukraine, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Old East Slavic-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with failed verification from December 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, AA, KA (before 2004: КА, КВ, КЕ, КН, КІ, KT), Architecture and historically significant sites and monuments in Kyiv, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 20:39. 109 ] since 25 June 2014 Klitschko is also unofficially known as commercial! 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